ALM Toolkit MODULE 3 Key Components of Secondary Level Alternative Learning Modalities

The Secondary Level ALM Toolkit aims to provide education planners, policy makers, and program implementers in Southeast Asia with an overview of alternative methods for delivering secondary level education in the region. This Toolkit includes a description of the rationale and common challenges in implementing ALMs, and characteristics of successful alternative delivery programs. The Secondary Level ALM Toolkit contains case examples of alternative delivery programs being implemented in selected Southeast Asian countries, highlighting best practices, and including a list of existing secondary level ALM programs and implementing offices, education ministries, and links to relevant ALM resources and websites.


The Toolkit presents a systematic and organized information on different secondary level ALM programs developed and implemented in selected countries in Southeast Asia. Module 3 describes the different components of secondary level ALM programs such as policy environment, curriculum, learning delivery, learning materials, learning assessment and certification, and post-program pathways and other opportunities. It also includes sample tools and snippets of information on how selected SEAMEO member countries are implementing these secondary level ALM programs.

Other Resources
  • Alternative Education in Emergencies – Module 2A (Alternative Education)
  • Competency Framework for Southeast Asian Teachers of the 21st Century (2009)
  • Assessment Systems in Southeast Asia: Models, Successes, and Challenges
  • MT4T Forum Guide (Bahasa Indonesia)
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ALM Toolkit MODULE 3 Key Components of Secondary Level Alternative Learning Modalities

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